The thyroid is a small gland, shaped like a butterfly, located in the lower part of your neck. The function of a gland is to secrete hormones. The main hormones released by the thyroid are triiodothyronine, abbreviated as T3, and thyroxine, abbreviated as T4. These thyroid hormones deliver energy to cells of the body.
The most common problems that develop in the thyroid include:
Hypothyroidism — An underactive thyroid.
Hyperthyroidism — An overactive thyroid.
Goiter — An enlarged thyroid.
Thyroid Nodules — Lumps in the thyroid gland.
Thyroid Cancer — Malignant thyroid nodules or tissue.
Thyroiditis — Inflammation of the thyroid.
Hypothyroidism is when the thyroid gland is underactive, improperly formed at birth, surgically removed all or in part, or becomes incapable of producing enough thyroid hormone, a person is said to be hypothyroid. One of the most common causes of hypothyroidism is the autoimmune disease called Hashimoto’s disease, in which antibodies gradually target the thyroid and destroy its ability to produce thyroid hormone. Symptoms of hypothyroidism usually go along with a slowdown in metabolism, and can include fatigue, weight gain, and depression, among others.
Hyperthyroidism is when the thyroid gland becomes overactive and produces too much thyroid hormone, a person is said to be hyperthyroid. The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is the autoimmune condition known as Graves’ disease, where antibodies target the gland and cause it to speed up hormone production.
The University of Maryland Medical Center states that metabolism is the chemical activity that occurs in cells, releasing energy from nutrients or using energy to create other substances, such as proteins. The basal metabolic rate (BMR) is a measurement of energy required to keep the body functioning at rest. Measured in calories, metabolic rates increase with exertion, stress, fear, and illness.
By adding CHF #31 Thyroid, energy and metabolism may return and may lead to a healthier, happier lifestyle.